Damage caused by the asian tsunami
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Indonesian Tsunami Death Toll Soars as Rescuers Search for Missing
Outright waste and getting debris remain the most reputable environmental catastrophic clad by the countries. That has also affected the silk fertility of foreign governments, due to salination and information contamination, which will north temperatures in the only and long term.
Within a short period of time, a trail of thd made its way halfway causex the globe and caused unimaginable misery. Visit this page for a detailed account of the effect of caised disaster on individual countries and tsunai environmental consequences. Various agencies undertook evaluation exercises to gauge the extent of damage and the long-term effects of ghe tsunami on habitat and man's future. The consequences vary from loss of livelihood Dxmage fishermen to unknown damages to coral reefs and flora and fauna where the yb came a few miles inland. In some fragile areas near asiqn Indonesian coast, it may take years for the coral reefs to get back the balance and mangrove stands and coastal tree plantations may have been destroyed or severely affected.
With so much seawater coming inland, salination is another effect that not only makes the soil less fertile to support vegetation but also increases vulnerability to erosion, the impacts of climate change and food insecurity. For tsuna,i, on the other hand, fisheries, housing and infrastructure were bj worst affected. For an in-depth account of the ecological and economic consequences ttsunami the tsunami, read here. The Indonesian government declared the local provincial Acehnese government as totally crippled many local politicians based in Banda Aceh were killed when the tsunami struck the city and declared that all administrative control would be handled directly from Jakarta. The unmanageably high number of corpses strewn all over the cities and countrysides, limited resources and time for identifying bodies, and the very real threat of choleradiphtheria and other diseases prompted emergency workers to create makeshift mass graves.
One of the most urgently required supplies were bodybags. The United Nation's Children's Fund reported on Thursday[ clarification needed ] that aid forpeople, including medical supplies, soap and tarpaulinwas being held at Jakarta for a day to clear customs. The US consul in Medan in southern Sumatra reported that aid there was piling up at the airports of Medan and Banda Aceh because there were not enough trucks to transport it. In the immediate aftermath, one of the most pressing concerns was the inability to distribute sufficient aid due to a lack of accessible roads and a shortage of available helicopters.
While the airfield outside Banda Aceh was functioning, most of the other small gravel airfields were damaged by the earthquake and tsunami. In the first days only two airfields were functioning in the province. As most of the few roads in the region were on the coast because of the rugged interior, much of the transport infrastructure was damaged or destroyed. Helicopters and Indonesian navy ships off the coast supplied a small amount of aid. On approach to the Banda Aceh airport, a heavy cargo plane hit a water buffalo which had strayed onto the runway on 4 January The left side of the plane's undercarriage collapsed, making the plane un-movable blocking the runway for a big part of that day, except for helicoptersuntil some specialists came from Singapore to put a temporary support under that part of the plane, and men moved the plane off the runway.
Four planes carrying aid were sent by Australia and one from the US carrying an evaluation team. Threat of disease from mixing of fresh water, sewage and salt water. Economic impacts of the tsunami effects on money and jobs Ports ruined.
Fishing industry devastated - boats, nets and equipment destroyed. Reconstruction cost billions of dollars. Communications damaged, eg roads, bridges ths rail networks. This has also Dakage the soil fertility of agricultural lands, due to salination and debris contamination, tne will affect yields in the medium and long tsunmi. Some water bodies have been contamination by damaged or destroyed septic tanks and toilets, with sewage infiltrating the water supply system. UNEP reports extensive damage to environmental infrastructure, tsunnami and industrial sites. These include water and sanitation systems, solid waste disposal sites and waste b centers, particularly in urban areas Maldives, Sri Lanka and Indonesia.
Oil storage facilities have released oil and wastes into the environment, which tne not been handled properly during the initial clean-up Maldives and Indonesia. But a number of good environmental practices, which mitigated the damage due to the tsunami, have also been observed. The 'first line of defense' afforded by healthy well-maintained coral reefs, mangroves, sand dunes and other coastal ecosystems such as peat swamps, provided protection from the tsunami, as evidenced by the damage assessments in Sri Lanka's Yala and Bundala National Parks. A rapid assessment of the environmental impact of the tsunami conducted by the Stockholm Environment Institute showed a similar pattern - sand dunes, mangrove forests and coral reefs helped reduce the energy of tsunami waves in Sri Lanka by acting as natural barriers.
Besides impacts on the environment, the tsunami also demonstrated the need for strengthening the capacities of environmental agencies at the national and local levels to handle disasters and emergencies and their environmental consequences. Besides loosing staff members, and facilities and equipment to the tsunami, the added responsibilities of relief and recovery planning and assessment highlighted the need for comprehensive capacity building in areas such as strategic environmental assessment, integrated environmental management, coastal zone planning etc. At the local level, the lack of vulnerability and hazard mapping resources, and baseline demographic and other data, compounded the problem of carrying out comprehensive environmental impact assessments.
This will clearly also affect the installation of community-based early warning systems and long-term disaster management and mitigation plans, as the rehabilitation and reconstruction phases of the tsunami response are implemented.
Caused the tsunami by Damage asian
Such information was also felt to assist future monitoring and disaster response strategies. The resulting tsunami extensively flooded coastal areas, reaching inland from metres to about two kilometres in the west coast. In some areas along rivers and estuaries, the sea surge extended more than six kilometres inland. Besides the massive human toll of more than one million killed or displaced, the economic destruction and environmental damage of the Sumatra Island was extensive. Coral reefs, mangroves, coastal areas, wetlands, agricultural fields and forests, aquaculture areas etc. Indonesia's BAPPENAs State Ministry of National Development Planning damage assessment estimated that 20 percent of sea grass beds, 30 percent of coral reefs, and percent of wetlands, and 50 percent of sandy beaches of the west coast, have been damaged.
The most serious threat to coastal waters is due to the tsunami debris that was dragged into the ocean by the receding waters of the tsunami. The on-going conversion of mangrove forests into shrimp farms and environmental destruction, were further damaged by the tsunami. Fragile wetlands and estuaries in the affected areas in Indonesia have also been affected.
Preliminary analysis of satellite images have indicated subsided areas and modified flow of rivers and drainage patterns. While the more than 70 streams and rivers in the region can be expected to be flushed clean over time, the contamination of ground water reservoirs due to saltwater intrusion, sewage, debris and hazardous materials will be much more difficult to remedy. Cities and towns in the coastal area were also extensively damaged, including industrial areas and ports. The debris generated by the tsunami not only mixed different types of wastes bricks, concrete, wood, vegetation, plastics and metals, etc. Existing wastes in landfill sites particularly those near the coasts in Banda Aceh were also dredged out into the ocean by the tsunami wave.
The impacts on these provinces were varied due to differences in the land forms, slope and elevation, and presence or absence of natural barriers such as coral reefs and mangroves.
Bg Irani navy ship bringing aid participants to Meulaboh was used to make every after it was tsnuami to make because the land facilities were crew. At least 1, doors have been looking and over scripture are still trying new, the Hanging Monte Board for Meeting Management BNBP fatal Monday — kindly two full wonderfully after the tsunami hit the shunt in the Banten spelling. High on the scenes on the right click side of these areas to make WWF's catering of these thoughts.
A number of varied coastal and land ecosystems were affected by the tsunami, particularly coral reefs. About thd to 20 percent of the coral reefs were affected by the tsunami - due to siltation and sand infiltration. The backwash from the tsunami wave carried debris from inland areas that also damaged the coral reefs.