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You are able to reactivate the investigation, if you change your mind, however, if you leave it too long, it may affect the investigation. Victims Cards are given out by police officers to victims of crime, and victims' relatives or friends. This card shows the officer's name and details to make it easier for you to contact them. Police will contact you as the investigation progresses. Their Customer Service Program and Charter explains the Officers on paid detail arrest suspect in alleged sex assault police give to victims of crime.
Top of page Arrest and identification When someone is suspected of committing a sexual assault, they may be asked to attend an interview, or may be arrested and taken to a police station. They are then called a "person of interest". The person of interest may then be questioned and, if there is enough evidence, they will be charged. In serious matters, such as sexual assault, they may record the interview on audio or videotape. As part of the investigation, a victim or other witness may be asked to identify the person who is suspected of committing the crime.
In most cases this is done by looking at photographs on a computer, and in rare circumstances will use an identification parade. The police officer in charge of the investigation decides to charge the offender based on the evidence that has been gathered. Sometimes, the police officer may seek legal advice from the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions, which is responsible for prosecuting serious crimes in NSW. You have a right to be told if the offender has been charged or if a decision has been made not to charge or prosecute. There are some circumstances where charges are not laid, but this does not mean that the police do not believe you or that they have not taken the assault seriously.
Top of page Bail After a person has been charged, the police decide if the person should stay in custody or released on bail. Considering community safety and whether the Officers on paid detail arrest suspect in alleged sex assault person, now called the 'accused', will turn up to court for the hearing at the nominated date, influences whether or not bail is granted. Bail can be considered at two points - either by the police when a person is charged or at court by a Magistrate. An application for bail or review of bail can also be made to the Supreme Court. If the accused doesn't turn up, they can be arrested. Bail may be granted on certain conditions.
For example, it is usual to ask the accused or some other person to pay or agree to pay some money to the court to make sure the accused turns up. In other cases, it may be a condition of bail that the accused does not contact the victim or other witnesses. Both surety and conditions can also be applied. If bail is refused, the police must take the person to court as soon as practicable for bail to be reconsidered. In most cases the person is taken to the nearest local court. You should tell the police or the prosecutor if you fear for your safety. This is one of the issues considered when deciding whether to release the person on bail.
If police cannot find enough evidence or identify the accused: It does not mean that they don't believe you; it means that the police could not meet the legal test for taking the case to court. This can be very distressing for people, and it may help to talk this over with a support agency or counsellor. Top of page If the sexual assault happened to a child or young person Reports of children being sexually assaulted are investigated in a similar way to reports of adults being sexually assaulted. However, there are some special procedures in place that must happen when children and young people are involved, to ensure their protection.
Managers from the three agencies review all available information and together decide whether the report should be investigated by a local Joint Investigation Response Team JIRT or may be investigated by the police. They work on serious child abuse cases. This is where a child or young person has been touched or harmed in a sexual way by someone aged over 10 years badly hurt by being hit, strangled, burned or starved by someone over 10 years When a child or young person is reported to Community Services about sexual assault: JIRT talks to the child and young person to find out what has happened JIRT acts to make the child or young person safe if the child or young person is in immediate danger.
JIRT police officers find out if the law has been broken and if they can take the law-breaker to court. They may do things like finding a safe place for them to live, or help them get into a support program JIRT Health staff are counsellors who listen to and support the child, young person and family. The sergeant ends the interview 21 minutes and 40 seconds after it began. The officer told her mother that it was suspicious that L had giggled during their interview, and that B, in any case, told police he was sterile.
Jamie Dunlop, an Ottawa police inspector who oversees major investigations such as sex crimes and homicides, said cases are handled differently now. Was that as well known 20 years ago? The board applies the same legal test that civil proceedings do: Both B and L were interviewed by the board. Each was encouraged to bring any documents that would support their case. In contrast to the situation in the United States, police files in Canada are not publicly available, even under freedom-of-information laws. South of the border, unfounded statistics are available through the FBI without an access-to-information request.
Last August, the U. Journalists from BuzzFeed were able to obtain individual police files connected to unfounded cases — files far more detailed than those that actual sex-assault victims in Canada have access to — to take the story beyond the numbers, and show what was going wrong on the ground. Only complainants are able to access some documents connected to an allegation through freedom-of-information requests, with a fee; although, in the cases reviewed by The Globe, anything not directly related to the victim — such as witness statements, information provided by the suspect, and notes about investigative steps — was typically redacted.
She and the investigating officer had been the only people in the room. Sandhu is one of the 54 people from across the country whom The Globe interviewed about their experience reporting sexual violence to police. Only one of those individuals — L — was actually informed that their case had been closed as unfounded. Others learned this after the fact, either by obtaining copies of their file or through inquiries by The Globe. Of the 54 cases, 39 were closed before making it to court. One involves a second-year Laurentian University student named Emilie, who asked to be identified only by her first name. In January,Emilie told the Greater Sudbury Police Service that she had been raped at a campus residence on Halloween night while she was heavily intoxicated.
After a four-week investigation, the sergeant handling the case closed the file as unfounded after the two men said the sex was consensual. Emilie was not told that police had unfounded her allegation; rather, she learned it from The Globe. Parts of the responses from Waterloo, London and Windsor, Ont. Linda Light, a former senior policy analyst in B. Funded in part by the federal Department of Justice and the B. Light and Gisela Ruebsaat, a legal analyst, were tasked with investigating the phenomenon of disparate unfounded rates among police services within driving distance of one another.
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shspect Three of those were Assult detachments — Chilliwack with an unfounded rate of 19 per centLangley 28 per centand Richmond 12 per cent ; the fourth was the Vancouver Police Department 7 per cent. After being subjected to rigorous security checks, both researchers were given access to a total of police files from Officers on paid detail arrest suspect in alleged sex assault In other words, complainants who do not conform to stereotypes about the perfect victim were winding up with cases deemed unfounded at a disproportionate rate.
The researchers also noticed that the allegations that had been classified as unfounded were less likely to show evidence of a robust investigation — such as formal interviews with the victim and statements from witnesses. The trend lines were fairly consistent across the four B. The Light and Ruebsaat study ob unprecedented, and remains one of afrest most commonly cited Canadian reports on allegde quality of sex-assault investigations and unfounded cases — but it was never actually published. Light says, adding that she never learned exactly why.
Toward the end of their research, Ms. Light says, she and Ms. Ruebsaat learned that unfounded stats would no longer be made public. An internal memo from the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, obtained by The Globe and Mail through access-to-information, shows that concerns over the accuracy of data Ogficers after officials realized that some cases were being improperly aassault as unfounded, while in other cases, police services oj simply not recording unfounded cases at all. Ruebsaat warned in their unpublished, page draft. But one of the most prominent Canadian voices on sexual assault warns that the statistics themselves need to be treated with caution.
And I base that on experience dealing with women who have reported and who have been turned away. But after three decades on the front lines, she says, nothing has changed. The conviction rate is 1 per cent [when you factor in how few cases are reported]. Is she too upset? Is she upset enough? Is she trying to get even with a boyfriend? Is she looking for attention? False reports are not synonymous with the unfounded designation, although they are typically classified as unfounded. Almost every session was taught by a police officer, rather than by outside professionals with specific specialties, such as experts who study trauma, sex-assault law and victim behaviour.
Advocates and counsellors who work with survivors on a daily basis were not represented at all, she says. The material is going to be dense. On this day early last October, Dr. Haskell is speaking to about officers at the Toronto Police College. Over the course of the previous year, she had given the same presentation about 50 times to Crown attorneys and police services from all over the country, about double the number she gave the year before. In addition to her private practice and research, she is also a sought-after expert witness and consultant. She was hired to try to re-educate Alberta Federal Court Justice Robin Camp after he was called before a judicial-review committee for asking a year-old sexual-assault complainant: It takes the gut-instinct subjectivity of an officer out of the equation, and instead roots an investigation in non-negotiable science.
Officers have traditionally been taught to establish credibility by getting as much detail as possible, as soon as possible, and then checking back with anyone interviewed to see if those details change in subsequent interviews. Standard technique has also been to go through the story chronologically. Sometimes complainants would even be asked to tell the story backward. This way, the old way, the way that most officers continue to investigate sexual assault, is actually the exact opposite of what should happen, Dr. It all starts with the brain. Blood and oxygen divert to the muscles, and non-essential systems take a back seat.
The hippocampus is responsible for filing long-term memories, but in times of intense fear, when the brain is flooded with stress hormones, its functioning is altered. Certain parts of the experience can be totally burned into memory while others are stored poorly or not at all. What this means for a sexual-assault victim is that their ability to retain memories, especially certain kinds of memories, is impaired. And this is even without the complicating effects of alcohol or drugs. Can you describe the colour of the tie of the guy next to you? You are not encoding the clothing. These are called sensory fragments, and the best way for an officer to gather information is to find these pieces, then work forward and backward from them, without getting caught up in whether a victim can remember peripheral details.
Haskell told The Globe. David Lisak, a psychologist who runs the same type of trauma training sessions with police services and military personnel in the United States, says the demand for those courses took off five or six years ago. Lisak says that the other big change involves a rethinking of the best time to interview victims.
It a,leged take up to axsault hours for stress hormones to leave the brain — meaning a victim who allegde questioned immediately after an attack will not have access to their full memories. Those who study trauma recommend that police officers wait at least 24 hours, or even 48, to conduct an in-depth interview with a victim. Officers would still be able to take down basic facts about an Officere right away, in order to qssault the investigation — and exceptions would be made in instances where there is an ongoing public threat, which is almost never the case in sexual assaults.
But a full statement should wait. Yet, police almost never ask questions that will pull out this useful evidence, says Dr. One way to lower unfounded rates might simply be to introduce officers to better interviewing techniques. The topic is covered during the basic training that every officer receives, but advocates and experts say that the lessons are outdated and inadequate, given the unique challenges associated with investigating sexual assault. And while more and more forces are choosing to host experts such as Dr. Haskell, the sessions are typically one-off initiatives, targeting select groups of officers.
Individual police services with dedicated sex-crimes units do typically require that any new members attend specialized training. These sessions usually run between one and two weeks. Kelly Dennison of the Winnipeg Police Service. We continually train our officers. Which is rare, right? Second, an investigator with the sex-crimes unit follows up with every complainant.
In Officers arrest paid alleged assault detail sex suspect on
In police services across the country, the usual process is that a call comes in and front-line officers make initial contact Offifers a potential victim. Then the file is passed on to the specialized team. In Ottawa and Ofticers, Ont. In Calgary, zlleged involving intercourse, repeat offenders, weapons or bodily harm are dealt with by the sex crimes unit. And in Toronto, the unit focuses on cases in which the perpetrator is a stranger to the victim, and thus investigates only about 10 per cent of all sexual-assault allegations. Police spokesperson Mark Pugash, however, notes that the service also has a policy that any officer investigating sexual assault must have attended a two-week Sexual Assault Investigators course.
To date, 2, uniform officers — about 40 per cent of the service — has had the training.
In many areas of the country, especially in rural and Northern communities, front-line officers are required artest handle every type alldged call. Rob Creasser, a spokesperson with the Mounted Police Professional Association of Canada, one of two groups hoping to represent asszult RCMP at the bargaining table the Senate sent Bill C-7, which will allow the Mounties to unionize, back to the House of Commons last summer says that resources are a huge issue when it comes to sexual-assault cases. And those case loads are huge. Also below the national rate was the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary, at 11 per cent. Interestingly, the data showed that both the RCMP and RNC were just as likely to classify a physical assault as unfounded as they were a sexual assault.
In fact, the RNC was more likely to unfound a physical assault — that rate was 14 per cent. The Ontario Provincial Police, however, was a clear outlier: