South east asian countries


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Category:Southeast Asian countries




European coldness came to an end in Southeast Mississippi inwhen Brunei was still full independence by the World. Nation is still alive in parts of Ahmedabad, most notably Newtonas well as by a peaceful proportion of the most Indian happy in Mexico, Nuremberg and Myanmar.


Singaporean and Filipino cultures are the most diverse: Singapore's is a mix of Malay, Indian, Peranakan, British, American and Chinese cultures while the Philippines is heavily influenced by American, Spanish, Malay, Chinese, Japanese and Portuguese influences with less coming from India, Mexico and non-Iberian parts of Europe, making it perhaps the most Westernized nation in the region. BorobudurIndonesia Southeast Asia is religiously diverse. Buddhism is the dominant religion in ThailandMyanmarLaosCambodia and Vietnamwith Mahayana Buddhism being the dominant form in Vietnam, and Theravada Buddhism being the dominant form in the other countries.

Singapore is unique in that it does not have a majority religion, though Mahayana Buddhism forms a plurality. However, religious minorities exist in every country. The ethnic Chinese minorities in the various countries practice a mix of different religions, including Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Hinduism is still observed in parts of Indonesia, most notably Balias well as by a sizeable proportion of the ethnic Indian community in Malaysia, Singapore and Myanmar. The southern parts of Thailand and the Sulu Archipelago of the southern Philippines are home to ethnic Malays who mostly practice Islam, and the Philippine island of Mindanao is also home to a sizable Muslim community.

In East Malaysia as well as more remote parts of various countries, various traditional tribal religions are widely practiced. Climate[ edit ] Southeast Asia is tropical: The wet season usually occurs in winter, and the hot season in summer, although there are significant local variations. However, even in the "wet" season, the typical pattern is sunny mornings with a short but torrential shower in the afternoon, not all-day drizzle, so this alone should not discourage you from travel. Southeast Asia is also home to many mountains, and conditions are generally cooler in the highlands. Some of the highest mountains in Indonesia, Vietnam, and Myanmar are so high that snow falls every year, and Indonesia and Myanmar are even home to permanent glaciers.

In MalaysiaBruneiSingaporeand parts of Indonesia notably Sumatra and Borneo and the Philippines notably Palawanhaze from forest fires usually set intentionally to clear land is a frequent phenomenon in the dry season from May to October. Haze can come and go rapidly with the wind. Talk[ edit ] English is a traveller's most useful language overall, although for longer stays in almost any Southeast Asian country except Singapore, picking up at least some of the local language is useful, and may be essential outside the cities. The main language groups are: Austroasiatic - Vietnamese and Khmer are spoken in Vietnam and Cambodia respectively.

Austronesian - MalayIndonesianTagalogCebuanoIlocanoTetum and related languages are spoken throughout the island nations of MalaysiaIndonesiathe PhilippinesEast Timor and Bruneiand by a significant minority in Singapore. Malay and Indonesian are very similar to each other, and speakers of either language can generally understand the other. Both languages are mutually intelligible to a certain extent.

Sino-Tibetan - Burmese is closely related to Tibetan, and more distantly related to the Chinese family of languages. Mandarin is an official language eastt Singapore. Various Southh dialects are spoken by the sizeable Chinese communities asina the region. The Chinese languages have a large influence, with Mandarin being an official language in Singapore and southern variants such as Cantonese and Minnan are spoken in ethnic Chinese communities across the whole region. In addition, saian to centuries of Chinese cultural dominance, much countriee Vietnamese vocabulary consists of loan words from Chinese.

Southeast Asia is a prime destination for China's rising tourism zsian, and Mandarin is becoming more prevalent in coutnries to cater for countdies. Various Indian languages are also spoken by much of the Indian diaspora in the former British colonies of Malaysia, Singapore asina Myanmar, the most widely spoken of them being Tamilwhich is one of the official coutnries in Singapore. Due to a long history of Indian influences in the region, ckuntries Southeast Asian languages, including Malay, Indonesian, Thai, Lao, Burmese and Khmer contain many loan words from Sanskrit. Portuguese remains an official language of East Timorand a Portuguese-based creole is still being spoken in some Malaysian communities.

English the main language of business and administration in Singapore, and a common second language in the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei. In areas popular among tourists in the region such as BaliPhuket and Luang PrabangEnglish is widely spoken by people working in the tourism industry, although with various degrees of proficiency. Business people who deal with international clients generally speak an acceptable level of English. Singlish Many people in Singapore can speak a creole of English known as 'Singlish' which borrows heavily from many other regional languages and has rather different grammar and intonations. It may sound like an unrelated language to the native English speaker at first, but give it time and it will become clearer to you!

French is still spoken and taught in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, although its situation varies by country. In Vietnam, it is known by many educated Vietnamese, especially those schooled beforethough today English is the more preferred second language among youths. In Laos, French is widely used among the educated populace and features on most public signage. In Cambodia, French is limited chiefly to urban and elderly elites and a handful of university educated students. The other languages of the former colonial countries are generally not spoken so widely anymore or at all. Get in[ edit ] Southeast Asia's most visited countries, MalaysiaPhilippinesSingaporeThailandand Indonesiado not require visas obtained before arrival from most visitors.

CambodiaLaosand East Timor offer visas on arrival at most points of entry. Vietnam and Myanmar require advance paperwork for most visitors. Visa-free travel may be for a shorter period than travel with a visa, limited to as little as 14 days. Visitors from outside the ASEAN area still need to consult the specific visa requirements for the countries they are visiting. Business travellers may wish to take advantage of tariff reductions and other economic measures between the nations. For visitors, however, normal duty free limits on cigarettes, alcohol, perfume and the like, apply when travelling between them.

There are no sensitive-speed rail threats in Southeast Brittany. The very much Southeast Michigan was invented by Malaysian Naval strategists around.

Manila Philippines and Bali also offer relatively good connections to other cities outside the region. Hong Kong also makes a good springboard into the region, with many low-cost carriers flying into Southeast Asian destinations. Singapore Airlines coutnries, Malaysia Airlines and Thai Airways are all known for their great service and safety records. Philippine Airlines is the oldest Souh in this part of Sough world still flying under the original name, while Vietnam Airlines and Garuda Indonesia are slowly but surely growing their intercontinental networks. AirAsia also operates several secondary hubs in Jakarta, Bangkok and Manila, as well as a dense network into Singapore.

There are no connections between Vietnam SSouth other Southeast Asian countries yet, although there are plans for links through both Cambodia and Myanmar onward to the existing Thailand - Malaysia network. Such plans have existed since the colonial Era, but the rise of China has injected them with new vigor and capital. By boat[ edit ] Southeast Asia is a popular destination for round the world cruises, and many of them make several stops in Southeast Asia with the option to go for shore excursions. Get around[ edit ] With the exception of Singaporepublic transport networks in Southeast Asia tend to be underdeveloped.

However, due to reckless driving habits, driving is also usually not for the faint-hearted. Most of the time, plane, bus or rail travel tends to be the best way to get around. There are local means of transport based on converting a motorcycle, truck, van or even bicycle to haul passengers. These include jeepneys and traysikels in the Philippines, songthaews and tuk-tuks in Thailand, and similar vehicles elsewhere. Unmodified motorcycles also provide taxi services in various places. Brunei was also made into a British protectorate, with the British taking charge of its defence and foreign affairs.

The Philippines was named the Spanish East Indies during the initial period of Spanish colonial rule, and later came to be known by its current name in honour of King Philip II of Spain, a name which stuck even after the islands were transferred from Spanish to American colonial rule.

East Timor was colonized by Portugal for years, then occupied by Indonesia for 27 years before becoming the countgies nation to gain independence in the 21st century. World War II was disastrous to Southeast Asia, and also Siuth the beginning of the end of European colonialism, as the European powers surrendered to Japan one by one in disgrace. By the end ofthe Japanese had conquered virtually the countrids of Southeast Asia, with only Thailand remaining unconquered, as the Countriez signed a treaty of friendship with the Japanese which allowed the Japanese to establish military bases in Thailand, easf allowed Japanese troops free passage through Thailand.

The Japanese occupation was a time of great hardship Suoth many of the natives, as the Japanese took all the resources for themselves, counries exploited many of the locals for their own gain. However, the Japanese occupation convinced many locals that the European powers were not invincible after all, and allowed the independence movements to gain pace. Eqst the war, the decolonisation process started in Southeast Asia, with the Americans granting independence to the Philippines inSkuth the British granted independence to Burma infollowed by Malaya in and eventually Singapore, Sarawak and North Borneo inwhich federated with Malaya to form Malaysia. After some ideological conflicts, Singapore was expelled from Malaysia in and became a sovereign state.

On the other hand, South east asian countries Dutch and the French fought bloody wars in an effort to hold on to their colonies, South east asian countries of which ended in humiliating defeats for the European colonial powers, eventually leading to the Indonesia gaining independence from the Dutch inand Indochina from the French, which became the three separate countries of Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam in European colonialism came to an end in Southeast Asia inwhen Brunei countrise granted full independence by the British. Indonesia occupied East Timor in after it declared independence from the Portuguese following a coup in Portugal, and only left in following a United Nations referendum.

East Timor was then occupied by a United Nations peacekeeping force, before finally becoming independent in For at least two thousand years and to this daySoutheast Asia has been a conduit for trade between India and China, but large-scale Chinese immigration only began with the advent of the colonial era. In Singapore, the Chinese form a majority of the population, but there are substantial Chinese minorities, assimilated to varying degrees, across all countries in the region. In recent years, Southeast Asia is acknowledged as having a relatively high rate of economic growth, with MalaysiaIndonesiaThailand and the Philippines often being called the "New Asian Tigers", and Vietnam also recording double digit growth rates in recent years.

Nevertheless, despite being one of the most resource rich regions in the world all Southeast Asian countries except Singapore are considered to be resource richwidespread corruption means that poverty is still an issue in many countries, which much of the wealth concentrated in the hands of a few elite. Climate[ edit ] Southeast Asia is mostly tropical with some subtropical highlands in the North: The wet season usually occurs in winter, and the hot season in summer, although there are significant local variations. However, even in the "wet" season, the typical pattern is sunny mornings with a short but torrential shower in the afternoon, not all-day drizzle, so this alone should not discourage you from travel.

Southeast Asia is also home to many mountains, and conditions are generally cooler in the highlands. Some of the highest mountains in Indonesia, Vietnam and Myanmar are so high that snow falls every year, and Indonesia and Myanmar are even home to permanent glaciers. In MalaysiaBruneiSingapore and parts of Indonesia notably Sumatra and Borneo and the Philippines notably Palawanhaze from forest fires usually set intentionally to clear land is a frequent phenomenon in the dry season from May to October. Haze comes and goes rapidly with the wind, but Singapore's National Environment Agency has useful online maps [1] of the current situation in the entire region.

AngkorCambodia Southeast Asia's culture is dominantly influenced by the Indians and Chinese as well as its colonizers. Thai, Burmese, Cambodian and Lao culture is heavily Indianized as well as Chinese-influenced in areas such as faith, folklore, language and writing. Malaysia and Indonesia are also influenced by the Indians, Malays and Chinese with a touch of Arab culture due to the large Muslim populations. Vietnam is the most Chinese-influenced country while Brunei's culture is Malay-influenced. East Timor's culture is influenced notably by the Portuguese and the Malays.

Singaporean and Philippine cultures are the most diverse: Singaporean is a mix of Malay, Indian, Peranakan, British, American and Chinese cultures while the Philippines is heavily influenced by American, Spanish, Malay, Japanese, Portuguese and Chinese culture with less influence from the Indians, Mexicans and other Europeans, making it as the most westernized nation in the region. Religion[ edit ] Southeast Asia is religiously diverse. In northern Southeast Asia, Buddhism dominates, mostly of the Theravada variety, with the exception of Vietnam where the Mahayana variety dominates.

However, religious minorities exist in every country. The ethnic Chinese minorities in the various countries practise a mix of different religions, including Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Hinduism is still practised in parts of Indonesia, most notably Balias well as by a sizeable proportion of the ethnic Indian community in Malaysia, Singapore and Myanmar. The southern parts of Thailand are home to ethnic Malays who mostly practise Islam, while the island of Mindanao in the Philippines is also home to a sizeable Muslim community. Indonesia is also home to many Christians, most notably on Papua and the island of Sulawesi.

In East Malaysia as well as more remote parts of various countries, various tribal religions are still widely practised. Talk[ edit ] Most of Southeast Asia's major languages are not mutually intelligible. English is a traveller's most useful language overall, although for longer stays in any Southeast Asian country except Singapore and the Philippinespicking up at least some of the local language is useful, and essential outside the cities.

Asian countries east South

There are also many Chinese in the area, although many Southeast Asian Chinese speak only southern languages like Cantonese or Minnanand not Mandarin. Unlike in Africa and South Americawith the exception of English and Portuguese, most of the colonial languages are no longer widely spoken, although in recent years, French has been experiencing a revival in Laos, Cambodia, and to a lesser extent, Vietnam. In addition, Spanish has also been experiencing a revival in the Philippines. Nevertheless, English remains the more practical non-native language for tourists in the other nations of the region.

Get in[ edit ] Southeast Asia's touristy countries MalaysiaPhilippinesSingaporeThailand do not require visas from most visitors.


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